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552                                    THE IRON INDUSTRY.
three basic converters of five ton's capacity and two basic open-hearth furnaces of fifteen tons.
SBC. XXIVl—TJie Lahn:
The district known as the Lahn begins at Coblenz and stretches northeastwardly through Hessen Nassau, south of the Westerwold range. It is known for its red and brown hematites, large quantities being sent to Westphalia, In 1899 the Lahn raised 750,000 tons of ore, this being, one-third of what was mined in the Siegen. The average run of red hematite is 50 per cent, in iron. The ore is carried 130 miles to Westphalia, with a freight rate of 97 cents; the delivered price is $3.80 or 7.6 cents per unit. This neighborhood also supplies ore, carrying 22 to 38 per cent, of iron, 7 to 8 per cent, of manganese, and 18 to 25 per cent, of residues. This is laid down in Westphalia for $3.50 per ton.
SEC. XXIVm.—Pommerania:
A new tidewater plant of three blast furnaces of the Eisenwerk Kraft, near Stettin on the Baltic Sea, has been built to smelt imported ore, coal being brought from England and coked in byproduct ovens. The iron is for foundry use, and by its situation this plant has easy access to Berlin, one of the greatest markets in the world on account of the business done in miscellaneous castings..